History 1010: Western Civilization
Rome's Three Heirs
             Study Questions

1. According to your text, the three heirs of Rome included
a. Christian western Europe
b. the Chinese Empire
c. imperial Japan
d. all of the above

2. Emperor Justinian is known for
a. his ambition to reunify the Roman Empire
b. his marriage to Theodora
c. the Corpus Juris Civilis
d. all of the above

3. According to your text, the Corpus
a. provided the foundation for royal absolutism
b. saw the state as an extension of the ruler's private property
c. represented a great departure from Roman law
d. all of the above

4. Because of the Byzantine's tumultuous politics, the word byzantine today denotes
a. honest, open government
b. jihadist terrorism
c. devious, plot-filled politics
d. the combination of religion and politics

5. The religion of the Byzantine empire was
a. Christian
b. Islam
c. Zoroastrianism
d. Greek syncretism

6. The most controversial religious issue in the Byzantine Empire involved
a. icons
b. the worship of Muhammad
c. whether priests should serve in the army
d. the role of women

7. The word "Islam" means ________________________.

8. The religion of Islam is based on the worship of the one God, called
a. Muhammad
b. Caliph
c. Fatwa
d. Allah

9. The sacred book of Islam is the ______________.

10. The Five Pillars of Faith include all of the following EXCEPT:
a. killing non-believers
b. charity to the poor
c. fasting during Ramadan
d. profession of faith

11. The holy city of the Muslims was
a.  Constantinople
b.  Mecca
c.  Baghdad
d.  Damascus

12. Place the following in correct chronological order:
1. the Hijrah
2. Muslims cross from North Africa into Spain
3. Justinian rules as Byzantine Emperor
4. Charlemagne is crowned emperor of the Romans
a. 1,4,3,2
b. 2,4,1,3
c. 3,1,2,4
d. 4,3,1,2

13. The term ulama refers to
a. war against non-believers
b. learned Muslim qualified to advise on religious matters
c. officers in the Muslim army
d. the quarters where the wives of the caliphs lived

14. The Merovingians were a dynasty of which Germanic tribe?
a. Lombards
b. Vandals
c. Franks
d. Visigoths

15. The conversion of the Merovingian King _____________________ to Roman Christianity allowed for the potential of an alliance with the papacy.

16. Important Celtic monasteries included
a. Iona
b. Jerusalem
c. Trondheim
d. all of the above

17. The monastic movement
a. gave women some political power
b. became very prosperous
c. gave a powerul impulse to conversion
d. all of the above

18. The Sutton Hoo find tells us that Anglo Saxons
a. did not bury many items with their kings
b. possessed items from as far away as Byzantium
c. were not used to traveling in ships
d. all of the above

19. Important contributions of Pope Gregory the Great included
a. banning music in church services
b. increased toleration and support for Jews
c. the idea of Purgatory
d. all of the above

20. Charles Martel's nickname was the
a. "Sword of God"
b. "Hammer"
c. "Holy One"
d. "Learned One"

21. The above and his grandson Charlemagne gave their names to the dynasty that replaced the Merovingians, the _______________________ dynasty.
a. Capetian
b. Gauloise
c. Saxonian
d. Carolingian

22. Charlemagne's administrative policies included
a. reliance upon the old Roman coinage system.
b. sending special missi into the countryside to relay his instructions
c. eliminating local lords (counts) to prevent rival power bases.
d. all of the above

23. Charlemagne appointed the Anglo-Saxon monk _______________ to lead what became known as the Carolingian Renaissance
a. Bede
b. Gregory of Tours
c. Alcuin
d. Lindisfarne

24. Which of the following is associated with the coronation of Charlemagne?
a. It probably angered the Byzantine emperor
b. Popes later argued that it showed papal supremacy
c. It symbolizes the separation of western Europe from the eastern remains of the Roman Empire
d. all of the above

25. The territories granted to Charlemagne's grandson Lothair eventually became the territory of _________________ long disputed between France and Germany.
a. Brittany
b. Saxony
c. Normandy
d. Alsace-Lorraine

26. Following the death of Charlemagne, the Frankish empire was invaded by these Scandinavian raiders, nicknamed _________________________.

27. In England, the West Saxon King ___________________ was able to defend his kingdom from the Scandinavian attacks.
a. Ethelred the Unready
b. William the Conqueror
c. Alfred the Great
d. Edward the Confessor

28. Reasons for the collapse of the Abbasid Caliphate included
a. the economic stagnation of the Tighris-Euphrates river region
b. a revolt of African slaves
c. religious disputes
d. all of the above

29. In terms of political and legal institutions, according to your text, which of Rome's three heirs was the true successor?
a. the Islamic caliphates
b. Byzantium
c. northwestern Europe
d. there is no clear answer

30. Islamic caliphates best represent the succession to Rome in terms of their
a. religious heritage
b. political and legal institutions
c. combining the legacies of the Near East and Hellenistic worlds
d. language


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